Speak to members of skeptical organizations about belief in the reality of a human soul, and you sometimes encounter a response as fanatical and unfounded as that of rabid believers. Many will simply state, “I don’t believe in a human soul!”
The real question for skeptics is: what does a skeptic actually mean when making such a firm statement? After all, to simply state , “I don’t believe in a human soul”, has just as much validity as the statement of belief in the reality of a human soul made by a person who believes in the reality of a human soul. Both are statements of belief systems without recourse to proof. Skeptics and believers alike require a clear definition of the human soul in whose reality they profess to disbelieve or believe. Fortunately, religious and secular literature abounds with examples revealing the properties of the human soul as proposed by believers. These fundamental properties believed to be possessed by the human soul are universal, and have remained unchanged in popular belief, as well as by major world religions for the past 4,500 years.
The ancient “Egyptian Book of the Dead” contains funerary texts dating 4,500 years back in the past. This illustration depicts the dog-headed god Anubis weighing the balance of good and bad deeds and thoughts of the soul of the deceased — depicted as weighing the soul of the recently deceased against the feather of truth. The ibis-headed god Thoth records the result, while the crocodile-headed god Ammit, the devourer of souls, awaits behind Thoth to fulfil the task of destroying the soul of the deceased if found wanting. This illustration depicts a fundamental belief system regarding the nature and fate of the soul after death — a fundamental belief system that has remained unchanged for more than 4,500 years (click here to read more).
These unchanging and universal properties attributed to the soul as expressed by popular and religious belief systems for more than 4,500 years, are carefully analyzed in Chapter 4 of the free ebook “Anesthesia & the Soul” (see download button below). The list below summarizes these properties.
The above list of fundamental properties of the human soul, and its relationship to the body, come to life in this diagram — a model of the relationship of the human soul to the body. This model demonstrates the body-soul-body control and memory system expressed in the list of properties of the human soul as proposed for many millennia by believers in the reality of a human soul.
If skeptics and believers alike state their disbelief or belief in a human soul with these properties, then they have the beginning of a sensible discussion, instead of a clash of two systems of thought each based upon a vague, nebulous, and unspecified (dis-)belief in “SOMETHING” rather than a systematic analysis of their belief or disbelief. Interested persons can download this free ebook in “PDF” format by pressing the download button below.
This is how disbelief and belief should be analyzed, and this is the systemtic approach taken by “Anesthesia & the Soul”.