Every person now alive will eventually die. It is the hope, or belief of many that their souls, or at least some part of their consciousness or personality will survive in some sort of postmortem paradise. Yet some religions such as Islam exclude followers of other religions from entering their heaven, or paradise.
Islam, just as all other major world religions has been a force for unity and good for the many, many millions of followers. Nonetheless, the basic premise that the good will be rewarded, and the evil punished in some afterlife has been identical in all religions for more than 5,000 years.
The book, "Anesthesia & the Soul" discusses this point in some detail, as well as raising the question of whether people actually have an invisible and immaterial something like the religious concept of a soul as proposed by all religions ...
The heading of the original article by Duncan MacDougall published during 1907, describing a 21 gram loss of weight at the moment of death which he attributed to the departure of the human soul at the moment of death.
For a detailed discussion of this bizarre experiment read Chapter 15 in the book "Anesthesia & the Soul" (see: )
Many people believe in the reality of paranormal perceptions such as telepathy, precognition, clairvoyance, psychokinesis. Indeed many websites such as Skeptiko, the blog of Michael Prescott, and the books of Dean Radin, and countless others assume that the reality of Psi has been proven again and again.
Nonetheless this is not quite true. Psi and the paranormal have been intensively investigated since the founding of the Society for Psychical Research in England in 1882, and the Duke University Parapsychology Laboratory in 1935. Yet for practical purposes, most of the world parapsychology remains a fringe popular belief with no practical applications. Indeed, if it exists, it is one of the strangest of human abilities -- practice normally makes people better at any ability, but practice and continuous use of psi abilities actually causes a reduction of psi abilities!
Contrast the start of serious psi research during 1882 to that of the demonstration of radio waves by Heinrich Hertz during 1886. The use of radio wave apparatus is now so ubiquitous, we cannot miss things like mobile telephones, microwave ovens, radio, television, etc, etc.
The contrast is enormous. Psi must first be demonstrated to occur consistently, if at all, before any theories involving psi particles, quantum entanglement, trans-dimensional tachyonic quantum flapdoodle can be proposed.
The book "Anesthesia & the Soul" discusses this problem in detail, coming to the conclusion that if such information transfer, or abilities exist, that they will have properties, and be very different to what has been investigated until this time.
The experience of thousand of physicians and millions of patients undergoing medical procedures using conscious sedation with drugs such as Midazolam and Propofol proves the soul is not the location and repository of memories. This proves the illusory nature of beliefs published in the books published by Chris Carter, Pim van Lommer, Jeffery Long etc, etc, as well as these same illusory beliefs propagated by Alex Tsakaris in the website Skeptiko.
"Anesthesia & the Soul" is a step by step analysis proving that all memories are located in the brain.